Sleepwalking is also called “somnambulism”.
It is also known as a type of parasomnia, a disorder wherein there are undesired events that come along with sleep.
What is Sleepwalking in Children?
Sleepwalking happens when you get up from your bed and walk around although you’re still asleep. It may also give rise to a series of different body movements.
At different instances, sleepwalkers may have the tendency to bolt out of bed and stroll or run away. They may frantically escape from dangers that they have dreamed or they have imagined while they are sleeping.
They may talk or shout while walking in their sleep with their eyes open which have a stressed, “glassy” look on them. They may be doing everyday activities that they weren’t able to achieve at night.
Sleepwalking may also lead to bizarre activities such as urinating in a trash can, moving furnishings around, or climbing out of a window. It will probably have additional outcomes in hostile and violent behaviour.
It may be very difficult to wake a sleepwalker up. While they do get up, they could be very confused. Most of them don’t have any memory of the event. At times, they could even attack the one who wakes them up.
Sleepwalking most ordinarily occurs within the first 1/3 of a night’s sleep or during long sleep periods. This happens because of the gradual-wave cycle of sleep. From time to time, it could also occur in the course of a daytime nap.
The episodes may happen from a couple of times a night to a number of nights in a row. If your child is a sleepwalker, he may hurt himself, his roommate or bed mate, or other family members living with him. It can also additionally disrupt the bed partner or the roommate’s sleep.
Sleepwalking can usually be seen as a rather natural part of a child’s early sleep patterns. The young child may be sleepwalking and may quietly stroll towards the parents’ bedroom or into the other areas of the house.
Every now and then, youngsters will walk to a window or door, and may even go outside. This may put them at danger.
Older children may also be more vocal and active as they sleepwalk. Children who sleepwalk will quite often speak in their sleep and may have sleep terrors.
Common Symptoms of Sleepwalking in Children
Sleepwalking can bring about strange, inappropriate and even violent behaviours. Someone who is sleepwalking could do the following:
- Get away from bed and walk around.
- Get up in bed and open their eyes.
- Have a glazed, glassy-eyed expression.
- Do daily activities while sleeping.
- Have difficulty in getting up.
- May have other health problems.
- May quickly return to sleep.
- Not remember what occurred.
- Have sleep terrors.
In infrequent circumstances anyone who is sleepwalking may:
- Walk away from the house.
- Enter a vehicle.
- Exhibit bizarre behavior, such as urinate in a closet.
- Get injured.
- Become violent.
Sleepwalking is more common in children and affects both girls and boys. It may start as soon as a child begins walking. The risks in children are as high as 17 percent and peak at age 8 to 12 years old. Most children had confusion arousals from sleep at a younger age.
There’s a powerful genetic reason for sleepwalking. Your danger of having it could actually double or almost triple if one or both your parents had sleep-walking episodes before as a child or as an adult.
Experts say that the causes are as follows:
- Sleep deprivation.
- Hyperthyroidism (overproduction of thyroid hormones).
- Migraine complications.
- Head damage.
- Encephalitis (brain swelling).
- Premenstrual period.
- Bloated belly.
- Bodily or emotional stress.
- Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA).
- Different sleep-associated problems.
- Sleeping in unfamiliar surroundings.
- Some drugs.
- Alcohol use and abuse.
- Noise or light.
- Fevers in children.
Sleepwalking in youngsters is relatively ordinary. It may not need medical therapy. Parents should keep a close watch on their little one.
A grownup who continues or starts to sleepwalk is at a greater risk of damage. In this case, it would be a good idea to consult with a board certified sleep remedy health care provider.
A sleep professional will almost always ask you to keep a sleep diary for two weeks. This will likely provide the physician clues as to what possibly causes your issues.
The Epworth Sleepiness Scale may be used to evaluate sleep. This may show how your sleep is affecting your daily life. The general practitioner ought to understand your complete medical history.
Be certain to inform him or her of any earlier or present drug and medicine use. Also tell the physician if your child has another sleep disorder.
Your doctor will check whether your child has an additional sleep disorder, a health situation, medicines that can cause sleepwalking, mental illness or substance abuse. Sleep laboratory studies may be done such as a polysomnogram.
The polysomnogram charts brain waves, heartbeat, and respiratory rate as you sleep. It also looks at how your arms and legs move while sleeping and records your behaviour for the duration of your sleep on video.
For children, sleepwalking tends to go away on its own as they enter the teen years. Sleepwalking can occur when sleep is disrupted by other sleep problems.
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is an original clinical concern that may result in arousals from sleep. This will lead to the development of parasomnias such as sleepwalking.
Symptoms of OSA include noisy night breathing, waking up and gasping for air, and daylight sleepiness. Treatment of OSA may also treat sleepwalking.